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When choosing a green friend for your home, you want to find a plant that meets many criteria.
It should be both beautiful and unpretentious to care for. Clerodendrum Filipino fits these parameters like no other.
Even an inexperienced beginner is capable of growing this beautiful flower at home.
Clerodendrum philippinum, or the second name Volcameria fragrant, belongs to the genus Clerodendrum of the Lamiaceae family. This is a low, up to 2 m in height, evergreen bush. Asia and countries with a tropical climate are considered a natural habitat. Most often it grows in the forests of China, Japan, China, as well as in Mexico and Congo.
Leaves and shoots
The leaves are large in size, on average, reach about 15-16 cm, rich green or light green color. The leaf is heart-like, wide, with a jagged edge. The leaf plate with small tubercles, terry, veins are clearly visible. According to the method of attachment to the stem, they are long-petiolate, located opposite. Shoots are long, even, directed upwards.
Small, 2-3 cm flowers are pink-white in color, which are collected in thick corymbose inflorescences, located at the apex of the clerodendrum. The flower has 5 petals. The size of the inflorescences ranges from 16 to 22 cm in diameter. The corolla is shaped like a funnel.
With proper care and comfortable conditions, clerodendrum will delight with its flowering almost all year round.
Your attention is presented how the plant looks like.
History of origin
Currently, scientists cannot say exactly where this plant came from. The first mentions of Clerodendrum were still in Ancient Rome. This flower was presented as a sacrifice to the goddess of love Venus. People of that time believed that if this particular flower was sacrificed, then the goddess would give true and eternal love.
But the first description was written only in the 17th century by the botanist John Volkamer. It was in honor of him that the name Volcameria was received, and the prefix "fragrant" flower was given due to its delicate aroma.
Features of the variety
This variety of Clerodendrum differs from others in that it is able to bloom throughout the year, without a dormant period. The flowering of the Philippine Clerodendrum begins only from the second year of life. Compared to other varieties, it is not large, which makes it possible to grow at home.
Also, this variety is valued for being suitable even for novice growers. It is not whimsical to care for, is resistant to pests and various diseases, and grows rapidly. The peculiarities of this variety include its velvety leaves and flowers, the aroma of which resembles jasmine.
The stamens are tightly hidden far behind the delicate petals, unlike other varieties in which they are exposed far beyond the petals.
As mentioned above, clerodendrum is not whimsical to care for. But in order to grow a healthy and beautiful plant, you need to know the basic rules for caring for this plant, as well as the requirements for temperature, humidity and other microclimate parameters.
You can plant cuttings or seeds. Cuttings are planted in pots with prepared soil, seedlings 2 weeks old. In order not to damage the young plant and not injure the root system, it is transplanted by the transshipment method. If a young plant was grown from a seed, then its transplant should be carried out only when it has 2 leaves.
For for the plant to grow better, the soil must resemble its natural habitat. By chemical reaction, it should be slightly acidic. Sand, turf and humus mixed in equal proportions will be a good growth medium.
You can also prepare such a substrate:
- Leafy ground - 2 parts.
- Sod land - 2 parts.
- Humus - 1 part.
- Peat land - 1 part.
- Fine-grained sand - 1 part.
Before planting, it is necessary to put drainage on the bottom of the pot with a layer of 3-4 cm, which prevents stagnation of water and the development of fungi.
When choosing a pot for a clerodendrum, you need to remember the rule that the height of the pot should be 1⁄4 of the height of the plant, I take into account both the length of the root system and the aerial part. The same applies to the diameter of the flowerpot, which should be about 2/3 of the height of the pot.
Clerodendrum is one of the fastest growing and blooming plants. That is why it is important to remember that when transplanting and changing the pot, the new pot should be 2 - 3 times larger than the previous one, or 5 - 6 cm.
It is also worth paying attention to the material from which the pot is made. For clerodendrum, it is best to use plastic pots. Such containers are easily transported around the room and apartment, and are much more convenient to use when transplanting a plant.
Clerodendrum belongs to plants that need good lighting all year round. In summer, when daylight hours are long, the plant receives enough light. In winter, due to the short daylight hours, the plant needs to be illuminated with LED lamps or fluorescent lamps.
In the spring - summer period, the plant will feel comfortable on the windowsill, on a flower stand near the window. If the clerodendrum has reached a large size, then you can put it on the floor near the window.
If the flower lives on the windowsill, and direct sunlight falls on it, then you need to darken it, for example, with special foil for windows. Direct sunlight causes burns, which can dry out the leaves and damage to the root system of the plant.
In winter, it is recommended to remove clerodendrum from window sills. This thermophilic plant does not tolerate low temperatures and even light drafts.
Since this plant grows in countries with tropical climates, we can conclude that Clerodendrum loves warmth. During the period of flowering and active growth, a comfortable temperature for the plant will be from 18 to 27C.
In order for the plant to please with its lush and luxurious appearance, it is important to monitor the humidity of the air. Dry air has a detrimental effect on this plant. It is best to purchase a humidifier. You can spray the leaves with a spray bottle or shower them in the bathroom. After such procedures, it is imperative to inspect the base of the leaves. Water that stagnates in this area can lead to decay.
Wet expanded clay or pebbles, which should be placed in the pan of the pot, can also be a good way to maintain moisture.
It is categorically impossible to place the clerodendrum near heating appliances!
Regardless of the season, Volcameria loves abundant watering. In order to avoid root rot, it is recommended to water less often in winter than in summer. Watering the plant is necessary when the soil dries up by 3-4 cm.
The shrub is fed with complex fertilizer for flowering plants, about once every 2 - 3 weeks.
Transplants and pruning
This culture belongs to fast-growing plants, therefore, it needs to be transplanted every year. Transplanting is carried out in the spring, in a larger pot.
The plant is transplanted very carefully, trying not to damage the root system, using the transshipment method. That is, an earthen lump that is on the roots is simply transferred into another pot. Pruning is done every spring, to remove dry shoots and more beautiful formation of the crown of the bush.
There are two ways to propagate clerodendrum, these are cuttings and seeds:
- Cuttings is considered an easier and safer way to get a young plant. To do this, in the spring, before transplanting, the top of the shoot with internodes is cut off from an adult bush. This part is rooted in a substrate (peat + perlite) or in a container with water. For successful rooting, you need to maintain the temperature within 20 - 22C. After rooting, it usually takes 2 weeks, the young plant is transplanted into a pot.
- Seed propagation more painstaking and time consuming process. Seeds are planted in late February and early March in the soil from turf, peat and sand. After sowing, the seeds need to create greenhouse conditions. A seedling is planted in a pot after at least 2 leaves appear on it.
Growing difficulties, diseases and pests
Clerodendrum Filipino is not very susceptible to pest attacks and various diseases. Basically, the problems that arise with this shrub arise from improper care and non-compliance with microclimate parameters.
For instance, if the plant did not bloom in the spring, then the wintering rules were violated. In order for the shrub to bloom in time in spring, wintering should take place in a cool place.
From insect pests, spider mites and scale insects can attack the clerodendrum. At the first signs of pest infestation, the plant must be rinsed with water at 40 - 45C and treated with a wide-spectrum insecticide according to the instructions.
The difficulties of growing include the following points:
- Falling buds, flowers, leaves - lack of nutrients in the soil or low air humidity.
- Long stems with small leaves - lack of lighting, the plant stretches towards the light.
- Leaves fall or wither - poor watering.
Clerodendrum Filipino is a shrub with extraordinary beauty of inflorescences, which, with proper care, will delight its owner with fragrant flowers and bright leaves. It will become the hallmark of the house, attracting enthusiastic glances from guests.