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How important is proper watering of carrots and how often should you do it? Practical advice for gardeners

How important is proper watering of carrots and how often should you do it? Practical advice for gardeners


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It is difficult to imagine the diet of any person without carrots, therefore, on almost every personal plot, a garden bed for this root crop is necessarily broken.

But not all gardeners know that sowing seeds does not mean reaping a good harvest: growing carrots requires compliance with basic rules, one of which is regular watering.

The frequency of watering carrots and the amount of water required will be discussed in this informative and interesting article.

Why is it important to moisturize the root crop at regular intervals?

The quality of the future root crop directly depends on the frequency and volume of irrigation carried out. So, regular watering in the required amount at each of the most important stages of the plant's growing season will ensure a good harvest in the future; lack of moisture or its excess, non-observance of the basic requirements for watering is a guarantee that the vegetable will develop unevenly, and subsequently acquire an irregular shape and unimportant taste.

What does the frequency depend on?

The main factors affecting the frequency of watering the root crop and the amount of water consumed are:

  • Plant development phase.
  • Weather.
  • Carrot variety.

Basic nuances:

  1. At the beginning of development, the plant needs abundant irrigation: it simply needs moisture for cell division, which will ensure the full growth of the future root crop.
  2. As it grows, the volume of liquid must be reduced, and a few weeks before harvesting, watering should be stopped completely: this step will make it possible to prevent the development of many vegetable diseases, the main cause of which is excess moisture.
  3. Additional watering will be required if there is no precipitation for a long time, and, conversely, in rainy weather, the amount of water supplied must be reduced to a minimum or stopped completely.
  4. As for the variety, such varieties as Tushon, Tip Top, Golandka, Losinoostrovskaya love abundant watering, but Perfection, Sirkana F1 are quite resistant to drought.

Effects of watering

Too abundant

A large amount of moisture will give an impetus to the increased growth of the aerial part of the plant.: the tops will become lush and juicy. But the root crop will suffer: the main part will die out over time, making it possible to actively develop the lateral processes. The result is a low yield.

Insufficient

The lack of moisture will also, first of all, affect the quality of the root crop: it will grow small, with a thick skin and a bitter taste.

Situations of irregular watering should also be avoided: after a long period of drought, a large amount of water is poured onto the carrot beds.

The result of such a rash action will be:

  • crackling root vegetable;
  • deterioration of its taste;
  • an increase in the risk of being affected by various diseases.

How to moisturize when planting?

Before germination

It is advisable to sow seeds in a previously well-moistened soil, since attempts to water a garden bed with crops can end in a fiasco: a stream of water from a watering can, most likely, will wash the seeds out.

If for some reason it was not possible to water the garden before sowing, then, of course, this must be done after by drip irrigation. An extreme option is a watering can with a shallow nozzle.

If it rained heavily on the eve of sowing, then there is no need for pre-sowing watering, because the soil will remain wet for a long time. The moisture of the earth should be maintained for a long time and not evaporate, since carrot seeds sprout for a rather long time (2 weeks). Therefore, many experienced gardeners recommend covering the beds with foil or mulching them with hay, compost, peat before sprouting (the layer height is from 3 to 8 centimeters, depending on the substance).

Another option is to sprinkle carrot seeds with a mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions, which will also keep the required amount of moisture in the open field.

After

  1. First time... After the first shoots hatch, the irrigation rate usually increases (during May, six to eight irrigations should be carried out at the rate of five to six liters per square meter of the garden) and remains so until three to four shoots appear.

    An important condition: you need to water the beds often (once every 4 - 5 days), but in small portions, checking to what depth the moisture has penetrated.

    The fact is that stagnation of water is destructive for a young plant, since it can lead to putrefactive processes and subsequently to the death of young carrots. The root crop needs additional watering after thinning: the removal of excess shoots injures the roots of the plant, therefore, in order for them to re-consolidate in the soil, they simply need water.

  2. Further... As already mentioned, the frequency and volume of watering a plant in the summer months, when it begins to form, ripen and fill, depends on the growth phase of the carrot and weather conditions.
    • In summer, in June, water the carrots at least 4 - 6 times (once every 5 - 7 days). The recommended volume is 10 - 12 liters per m2.
    • In July and August, the frequency of watering gradually decreases, while the amount of water used, on the contrary, increases. On average, in the heat, the root crop should be watered every 7 - 10 days at the rate of 15 - 20 liters per m2 of the garden.
  3. Last watering before harvesting root crops... Watering of the beds must be stopped 2 - 3 weeks before harvesting. Such a measure will provide a high "keeping quality" of the root crop, making it more resistant to fungal infections.

    However, before harvesting, experienced gardeners advise to moisten the soil a little overnight so that the root crop is easier to extract, and it remains juicy for a long time.

Find out about when to water carrots after planting and how to do it right here.

Harvest care in special conditions

During the heat

July and August are usually famous for a fairly high temperature regime, therefore, the issue of watering plants, including carrots, should be approached with all responsibility. The usual irrigation scheme in July includes 4 irrigations in the amount of 12 - 15 liters per m2 (once a week), and in August - 1 - 2 (once every 15 - 30 days) at a consumption of 5 - 6 liters per m2.

Of course if hot dry weather lasts for a long time, then the vegetable should be watered much more often, otherwise the plant may simply dry out. It is better in such conditions to water in the morning or evening hours, when there is no possibility of direct sunlight on the tops of the plant and the soil around it. Otherwise, water evaporates extremely quickly from the soil surface, the plant:

  • will receive less moisture;
  • overheat;
  • get burned.

Recommended water temperature for irrigation - + 25C... But you should not approach irrigation fanatically either, because carrots are a root crop that can take everything you need from the soil, including moisture. The aerial part of the plant can signal the need for watering: the plant needs moisture if its leaves are withered.

In rainy weather

If the summer is rainy, then, of course, it is necessary to adjust the irrigation scheme: it must be reduced or stopped altogether. However, one should not forget that precipitation can be frequent, but not abundant: the amount of water in this case will not be enough to wet the soil to the depth necessary for the root crop.

In this case, it is advisable to check to what depth the water has saturated the soil. This can be done by picking up a shovel and plunging it into the ground to the depth of a bayonet. Having removed a lump of earth, it must be carefully examined: after a short-term rain, the soil is usually moistened to a depth of no more than 2-3 centimeters, and everything below it continues to remain dry, so the carrots need watering according to the basic scheme.

The depth of moisture in the soil in which carrots grow should ideally be at least 10-15 centimeters during June and 25-30 centimeters in July and August.

The moisture content of the soil in which the carrots were planted needs constant monitoring: it should not be dry, but excessively moist too. Both the first and the second are detrimental to the root crop and can lead to loss of yield. He can be saved by the care of the gardener and his responsibility.


Watch the video: 5 Watering Mistakes Youre Probably Making (May 2022).