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Garden treasure - herb hybrid verbena. Planting in open ground, care and reproduction

Garden treasure - herb hybrid verbena. Planting in open ground, care and reproduction


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Hybrid verbena is a garden treasure, an ideal plant for every flower garden due to its ability to bloom from early spring to late autumn.

Unpretentious, hardy, warm-loving and colorful, verbena rewards gardeners with countless flower arrangements throughout the season.

Great for rock gardens and rockeries, creating decorative cascades and "hot summer curbs" from hanging baskets, garden and window containers. In the article, we will consider the features of planting, as well as how to care for this variety.

Landing features

The easiest way to start growing verbena is to buy seedlings. You can also grow them from seed or cut them.

  • Verbenas require the sunniest locations and the most well-drained soil. They do not tolerate crowding, shade, poor ventilation and wetlands. It is best to plant these flowers in the spring or summer, but in coastal areas it is possible in the fall.
  • Before planting, it is recommended to fertilize the soil with humus (about 5 kg / 1 sq. M) and mineral fertilizers. Planting young plants in open ground is carried out at a distance of 25 cm from each other to a depth not greater than in a box container.
  • During planting, the tops of the shoots are pinched to stimulate lush growth and abundant flowering.
  • Young planted plants should receive regular watering for the first few weeks before the root system is firmly embedded in the soil. Although vervains are drought-resistant plants, growth rates, flowering, and fertility will decrease if they are left in dry soil for a long period. In the future, the plant will not require much attention.

Learn more about the basic rules for planting and caring for vervain here.

Characteristics of the variety

Under the name hybrid verbena (Verbenahybrida), numerous garden forms and varieties of hybrid origin are combined. It is an annual or perennial plant with a height of 10-50 cm. Leaves: 1-6.5 cm long, opposite, alternate, pinnately incised, often trilobate with small lateral lobes.

Flowers: small 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, collected in 30-50 pieces. in corymbose inflorescences. Corolla is five-lobed, two-lipped. Calyx 3-4 mm long, five-toothed, coarsely hairy.

Stems: Slightly spread, erect, rigidly pubescent. Fruits: light brown nuts, collected from four parts, each 2-2.5 mm long, converging at the base of the calyx.

A photo

You can see what this plant looks like in this photo:





Care

The plant does not require complex care.

  • Watering: young plants need regular watering; after rooting and during flowering, it is enough to water the verbena once a week, avoiding waterlogging of the soil.
  • The soil: medium, well-drained, evenly moisturized.
  • Top dressing: the plant is fed with complex mineral fertilizer once a year (in spring); can be additionally fed 1-2 times during flowering.
  • Cropping: to increase productivity and flowering period, pinching or pruning of shoots by about 1/4 of their height is carried out, wilted inflorescences are removed.
  • Features: resistant to high temperatures, requires 8 to 10 hours full sun exposure daily, fresh air or ventilation.

Bloom

Verbena blooms from late May to late September. The colorful flowers can be red, white, pink, lilac, blue, purple, or apricot.

Transfer

For verbena, a light to medium soil substrate is suitable, made up of leafy, peat, humus soil and partly sand.

  1. Before transplanting, you can disinfect the soil with any fungicide to protect against fungal diseases.
  2. Plants should be transplanted into dry or slightly moistened soil, since the root system is not injured in this case, and with subsequent watering it takes root well.
  3. In pots (pots), the drainage hole is closed with a layer of small river pebbles, the dishes are filled with soil mixture.
  4. After everything is ready for transplantation, the plant is carefully removed from the previous substrate, the rhizomes are examined, and damaged areas are removed. After that, the plant is lowered into the soil, poured into the pot, and covered so that the root collar is slightly lower from the edge of the pot, while it is not covered with earth.
  5. Water the newly planted plant sparingly.
  6. The basic rules for caring for a young plant require bright lighting 8-10 hours / day and good air circulation.

Lifespan of this herb for outdoor use

Annual and perennial. Although verbena is considered a perennial plant, gardeners usually grow it for one year, leaving it for the second year only for cuttings.

Reproduction

Produced by seed and cuttings. Read more about the cultivation and reproduction of verbena from seeds and cuttings in a separate article.

Growing from seeds

You can sow verbena seeds right in your garden in the fall or early spring. Indoors, seeds are germinated at the end of winter, but the most suitable time for this is late spring or early summer.

  1. The seeds are pre-soaked in a biostimulator or in ordinary warm water for 24 hours.
  2. Fibrous cups with prepared peat mixture are placed on 2 seeds, slightly covering them with a substrate. Seedling boxes are also filled with potting soil and sown.
  3. The first irrigation is given with moderately warm water at about 25 ° C.
  4. The seeds are covered with an opaque film (plastic) with air holes for about one month, maintaining the greenhouse temperature and air humidity.

    Attention! Verbena seeds require darkness to germinate, so make sure they are completely covered!

  5. Entrances appear unevenly, after 2-3 weeks. With the formation of the first leaves, picking of seedlings grown in boxes is carried out - at intervals of 5 cm x 5 cm. Seedlings in cups do not need to be dived.
  6. Closed cultivation is continued until all seedlings produce three to four leaves, after which they are opened and adapted for 10-14 days to open air space and sunlight.
  7. When young plants are well rooted, they change the water regime once a week, allowing the soil to dry out before the next watering.
  8. Plants are planted in open ground at the beginning of June, observing the interval between seedlings of 20-30 cm.

Propagation by cuttings

A stalk is an upper shoot separated from the mother plant, capable of rooting in water or a special substrate. Cuttings are usually carried out from March to April.

  1. The thickened section of the shoot with several leaves is cut off, the lower part is cleaned.
  2. The cut cutting is deepened into a temporary container with soil of peat and sand.
  3. The soil is moistened, and the stem cutting is shaded until fully rooted.
  4. The offspring is stored in a container, gradually hardening and adapting to intense sunlight.
  5. The young plant is ready for transplanting into open ground when it reaches a quarter of the size of the mother plant.

A considerable percentage of useful properties are hidden in verbena, especially in the treatment of female diseases. How to use this plant for medicinal purposes, benefits and harms for the body, as well as about other species, including ampelous, medicinal and finely dissected - read on our Internet portal.

Diseases and pests

There are not many pests that affect the growth of verbena, but aphids, spider mites, thrips and slugs can damage her... Also, the leaves of the plant are often affected by powdery mildew when crowded and over-watered.

When pests and diseases are detected, the infected parts of the plant are cut off. It is better to destroy heavily affected specimens. Diseased plants are separated from healthy plants and kept separate for the entire period of treatment.

To combat pathogens, natural and chemical agents (soap concentrates, insecticidal preparations) are used.

Verbena is a great choice for gardeners looking for a flowering annual with long flowering and the ability to attract butterflies. It is a versatile, reliable plant in many varieties.... Here are planted flower beds and flower pots are suspended. The gardener can calm down on this, since verbena will no longer require any special care, on the contrary, it grows remarkably in natural conditions: bright sunlight, fresh air, good drainage, watering during the growth period and dry land during the dormant period. Flowers will delight the eye all summer long!


Watch the video: How To Grow Flower Plants At Home-Verbena (May 2022).