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The best varieties of turnips with photos and detailed descriptions

The best varieties of turnips with photos and detailed descriptions


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Even before the appearance of potatoes in Russia, turnip was the main and most popular product on the table and was considered “the second bread”.

Many dishes were prepared from turnips: side dishes, soups, mashed potatoes, added to baked goods, and also steamed, fried, baked.

There are different types. The crop can be harvested twice a summer, it is perfectly stored, retaining its useful substances until spring. The chemical composition of turnip is unique: it contains a lot of vitamin C, vitamins of group B, PP, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, calcium, sulfur, carotene.

What species should you plant?

Today, this culture is not so popular and it is quite difficult to find turnips in the plots. Choosing the right variety is very important because the area of ​​cultivation, the type of vegetable and a number of other factors affect the quality and quantity of the crop.

  1. Fruits of yellow color are distinguished by a rich taste and have rather coarse dietary fiber, cleansing well from toxins and toxins on the stomach.
  2. White turnips are softer, softer and sweeter, aromatic, well absorbed by the body, useful for people suffering from indigestion.
  3. There are also some types of forage turnips or turnips suitable for eating.

Do not confuse turnips with similar crops - radish and rutabaga.

What should be considered?

All types of turnips have advantages and differ from each other in color, taste, shape and ripening time. Each summer resident can grow exactly the kind that will satisfy his needs. When choosing, it is worth considering such parameters as:

  • Climate. It is very important to choose the type of turnip adapted for breeding in a particular area. Nowadays there are many species for successful breeding in the regions of Siberia, the Urals and central regions of Russia.

    In a climate unsuitable for cultivation in this area, the turnip begins to bloom, the root crop does not ripen and poor quality seeds are born.

  • The purpose of the cultivation. It should be chosen based on their taste preferences and goals.

    It is worth noting that turnip has a different taste: one is loved for its sweet taste, the other will interest lovers of spicy food, and there are also species with bitterness.

    There are varieties of turnip that are grown for greens (lettuce turnip), while others are bred for root crops.

What are there?

  1. Turnip varieties for the Urals. Turnip is a rather unpretentious plant, which is important for the Ural region. The varieties adapted to the weather conditions in the Urals are not afraid of frosts and give a good harvest. Suitable for this area:
    • Milanese pink;
    • Korelskaya;
    • The Snow Maiden.

    The most popular is "Petrovskaya-1" - it is a fairly hardy, fruitful type of turnip is considered the best in taste.

  2. For Siberia. In Siberia, as well as in the Urals, the natural conditions are not very pleasing for summer residents, therefore the varieties for Siberia are quite similar to the Ural ones. Here is some of them:
    • Burnt Sugar;
    • "Snowball";
    • "Geisha".

    Variety - "Snow Globe" is ideal for breeding in Siberia, as it manages to give a double harvest even in cold summer conditions. The variety has a high yield, can withstand frosts up to minus three, four degrees, has white, large, without bitterness fruits and leaves suitable for human consumption.

  3. For central Russia. In the region of central Russia, any turnip can give a rich harvest without fear of low temperatures. Such varieties are famous as:
    • "Golden Ball";
    • May Yellow;
    • May White;
    • "White Night".

General rules for planting and care, ripening dates

Turnips are planted in open ground with seeds both in summer and spring. Planting date may vary depending on planting area and air temperature. In the middle lane, seeds are usually sown from late April to early May. In Siberia and the Urals, the beginning of sowing depends on the temperature regime at a given time. In summer, you can sow a vegetable at any time, the main thing is to harvest before the onset of cold weather.

The most popular type for open field breeding is "Petrovskaya -1". This variety keeps well, is quite hardy and productive. It is considered one of the best in flavor and is suitable for outdoor cultivation in any region.

Turnip tolerates low temperatures quite well, and yet there are circumstances when it is impossible to sow turnips in open ground. In this case, summer residents have the opportunity to grow a crop in a greenhouse and harvest ten to fourteen days earlier than on the street. The "Snowball" turnip variety is recognized as the most delicious of the greenhouse varieties.

At home, turnips are often grown for the sake of greenery, but if space is available, you can grow a whole plant with small fruits or salad varieties. The vegetable feels good on loggias or balconies. "Kokabu", "Tokyo", "Glasha" - these types have small roots and vitamin greens suitable for making salads.

Another important point in choosing a variety is the ripening period. There are early, mid-season and late varieties. The ripening period for early varieties is 45 to 60 days; mid-season ripens between 60 and 90 days; and late varieties ripen for 90 days or more.

The secrets of growing and caring for turnips in the open field, in the greenhouse and at home are collected in a separate material.

Sweet varieties

Many types of turnips have a sweet taste. Such turnips are loved by children, used together with honey for medicinal purposes, as well as as a dietary food. Sweet varieties "Russian size", "Golden ball", "Pull-push", "White ball", "Snow White". Fertile or light sandy soils are ideal for growing sweet turnips.

Description and photo of the plant

"Petrovskaya-1"

Quite hardy and unpretentious variety. Ripening periods are from 60 to 65 days. Root vegetables are yellow in color with a tough, sweet pulp. It has a rounded flat shape and a pale green head. Stored for a long time. The root vegetable is juicy and sweet. For good yield and excellent taste, this species is respected by summer residents.

For more information about the Petrovskaya-1 turnip variety, see the video below:

"Geisha"

This type of salad turnip belongs to the early maturing varieties. Differs in fruits of white color, round shape, edible leaves, with a lot of vitamins. Sprouts thrive in drought and cold conditions, can grow in the shade, but are not suitable for long-term storage.

See the video below about the Geisha variety:

"White ball"

This is a good and high-yielding salad variety, mid-season. Root vegetables are round, white, taste soft, without bitterness. The leaves of the plant are very rich in vitamin C, suitable for making salads.

"White Night"

It is a high-yielding, mid-season variety. A large plant, the fruit can weigh up to five hundred grams and reach twelve centimeters in diameter. The pulp is quite juicy.

"Purple"

Quite a high-yielding, mid-season type of turnip. It has round fruits, pink-raspberry color with a white tip. The pulp is white, has a juicy taste and a high content of nutrients. It can be stored for a long time. It is indicated for diabetes, overweight and is recommended for the nutrition of children.

"Snowball"

This is an early maturing variety of turnip. The plant has a rounded white color, delicate skin and juicy, dense pulp. A versatile variety, withstands low temperatures well, grows well in the shade, can be stored for a long time.

"Milan"

This turnip ripens quite quickly - it takes 50-60 days from germination to harvest, and the vegetable germinates very quickly: in just four, six days. The fruits have a rounded-flattened shape, white and red-violet smooth peel, white juicy pulp, with a sweet taste.

Due to the fact that turnip yields good yields, can be stored for a long time, has useful medicinal properties, this ancient cultivated plant is gradually regaining its worthy place among gardeners. It is impossible to choose the best variety, since any of the types has both pros and cons. Therefore, you have to choose from personal preferences and climatic conditions.


Watch the video: How To Harvest Collard Greens So It Keeps Growing (May 2022).