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Ornamental bushes of the Syrian Ardens hibiscus will decorate any flower bed in the garden. It is widely used in landscaping schools, kindergartens, parks. Perfectly adjacent to a rose, combined with lavender, looks contrasting against the background of coniferous trees.
In the article, we will tell you about the features and rules of caring for a garden plant, show a photo, and also tell you how it winters in the garden.
In addition, you will learn how to propagate this wonderful shrub with seeds and cuttings, as well as what diseases and pests can threaten this plant and how to deal with them.
Syrian Hibiscus Ardens (Hibiscus syriacus Ardens) is a deciduous shrub of the genus hibiscus of the Malvaceae family. The synonymous names of the plant are Syrian rose, katmia. The bush is compact, grows vertically. The height of an adult bush is up to 1 - 2.5 m. In width the bush grows to 1 - 2 m. The crown is dense, lush. Stems are strong, erect.
The leaves are alternate, ovate, three-lobed in shape. The leaf plate is yellowish in early spring, green in summer. The flowers are large, double, single, lilac. The diameter of the flower is up to 9 - 10 cm. Blooming lasts all summer, until the beginning of autumn... The fruits are egg-shaped capsules. The seeds are smooth. Taproot, fleshy.
Next, you can see the photo of the plant:
History of origin
The ancient Greek name of the rose Alcea rosea L. has been assigned to the genus of hibiscus. All natural varieties come from tropical and subtropical areas. It has been used in home floriculture since the middle of the 19th century. Homeland - China, Korea. Nowadays they are often bred in the Caucasus and Crimea..
The optimum air temperature is 22 - 26 ° C. The plant is winter-hardy, able to withstand temperatures as low as -10 - 15 ° C (with shelter).
Important! It is better to plant in a place protected from drafts and gusts of cold wind.
In summer, for better flowering, abundant watering is required after 1 - 2 days. In autumn, watering is moderate. It should be watered with soft, settled, warm water under the root.
Overdrying the soil leads to the fall of the buds.
The variety prefers bright diffused lighting.... Planting is carried out on the east or west side of the house.
With a lack of light, the stems are stretched, flowering slows down.
The soil should be loose, fertile, well-drained. Soil composition:
- Garden land - 2 h.
- Peat - 1 tsp
- Sand - 1 tsp
- Humus - 1 tsp
Compost or rotted manure is poured into the soil... Part of the sod land is added to sandy soils.
Fine gravel, clay fragments, expanded clay are used as a drainage layer.
- After wintering, all dry and frozen stems are cut off.
- In autumn, adult bushes should be thinned out, cut out the shoots that are bare at the base.
- In spring, shoots are shortened by 2/3, weak, damaged, old stems are cut to the very base.
- Places of cuts are sprinkled with crushed charcoal.
- In the spring, mineral complex dressings with a high nitrogen content are introduced to build up the green mass of the bush.
- In early summer, during the formation of buds and abundant flowering, potash mineral fertilizers should be used.
- Phosphorus supplements are required throughout the summer to support flowering and prepare for winter.
- Peat is scattered over the soil surface - organic fertilizer (for the development of a powerful root system).
The transplant is carried out in early spring, in April... Seedlings are transplanted from temporary containers, and adult bushes are also planted as the root system grows.
- A landing hole is dug in the size of 2 rubles. more root volume.
- The soil is mixed with the compost.
- A seedling is removed from a temporary container along with an earthen clod.
- The seedling is placed vertically in the hole.
- The voids are filled with the prepared mixture, the soil is compacted.
- The soil is abundantly moistened.
In areas with cold climates, the plant is grown in containers... In the spring they are taken out into the fresh air, the containers are dropped in the garden or located in a warm, lighted place.
Important: It is not recommended to move and rotate containers after bud formation.
How it hibernates in the garden
- In a warm climate, the plant hibernates without shelter.... At the end of autumn, all thin shoots are cut, leaving only the "skeletal" stems. The soil is mulched with peat, fertilized through watering with phosphorus additives.
Young saplings of garden hibiscus, up to 3 years old, require light shelter (coniferous litter, spruce branches, leaves).
- In areas of the middle lane, the plant needs protection for the winter.... The soil is mulched with fallen leaves, the cut bushes are covered with straw, brushwood, and coniferous spruce branches. At the beginning of winter, the bushes are tied with burlap or agrofibre.
- In the northern regions, it is recommended to dig up the plant for the winter., transplanted into a tub. The containers are moved to a cool room with good light until next spring.
After wintering in the open ground, when the warmth is established (air temperature 12 - 15 ° C), the shelter is removed. For the appearance of the first shoots, the soil is cleared.
Growing up a Syrian handsome
The doubleness of flowers is not inherited, only the color is transmitted.
This method is used by breeders to develop new varieties. Seeds must be pre-stratified. The process is long and laborious. Flowering occurs after 4 - 5 years from the moment of sowing.
Seed planting procedure:
- The seeds are soaked in a growth promoter.
- 1 seed is planted in a special substrate in separate containers (cups).
- When sowing in spacious containers, diving of the sprouts is required after the appearance of 1 - 2 leaves.
- The seedlings are kept in a warm, bright place.
- When 6 - 7 leaves appear, the seedlings begin to bush, it is necessary to pinch the tops of the shoots.
- The seedlings are transplanted into new separate containers for growing up using the transshipment method.
- Regular watering and fertilization.
- The following spring, mature plants are planted in open ground.
The most convenient and common method. After pruning in spring, the twigs can be used for grafting.
Rooting scheme for cuttings:
- The stems are set in a container of water until the root shoots appear.
- Cuttings after a month are planted in small containers for growing.
- The temperature of the cuttings is 18 - 20 ° C.
- The light is bright, diffused.
- Watering is moderate.
- After wintering, young seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place.
Cuttings can be rooted in a moist peat substrate.
Read more about how to grow Syrian hibiscus in a separate article.
Diseases and pests
- Dry air in the heat can cause aphids to attack the leaves. It is required to spray the bushes with an alcohol solution of liquid soap.
- Spraying the bushes with Aktara or Aktellik will save the sawyer from the flower moth.
- For the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to treat the bushes and the soil with a solution of any insecticides 1 - 2 times a season.
- Terry rod... Bushes up to 2 m high. The flowers are pale pink, purple, abundant flowering.
- Musk mallow. The flowers are deep pink, the leaves are green, cut.
- Forest mallow "Zebrina"... The leaves are bright green, jagged. The flowers are pink with purple stripes.
- Moorish mallet... The stems are straight. Lobed leaves, pale green. The flowers are large, light purple in color.
- Sidalsia oregano "Brillant"... The height of the bush is up to 1 m. Flowering is long, from June to the end of August. The flowers are bright pink.
The cultivation and reproduction of the Syrian Ardens hibiscus will not be difficult. The plant grows well, takes root quickly, tolerates wintering well. The main thing is to follow all the rules of care and maintenance.