Cuttings in the summer
The summer months are decidedly propitious to propagate many plants from the garden, and even from the apartment; the evergreen and flowering shrubs, first of all the roses, propagate by cutting in August, to obtain rooted specimens to be planted already in autumn, or the following spring; at this time of year, basal shoots of shrubs and creepers are generally divided from mother plants.
It is also possible to sow perennial flowering plants, which we will be able to plant in autumn.
Cuttings, basal suckers and small specimens from seed should be kept in a cool, well-ventilated place away from the sun, to prevent them from bleeding; let's remember to water regularly, and avoid preparing cuttings and seedlings just before leaving for the holidays, otherwise we look for a friend who can worry about our new plants while we are away.
Speaking of works of the fruit and vegetable month, in this period, in the garden and in the orchard, the season of large collections finally arrived: tomatoes, courgettes, various salads, green beans, beans, peas, bell pepper, aubergines; everything is ready for harvest.Also in this case for the work of the fruit and vegetable month let us remember to water regularly, trying to wet the ground in depth and supplying the water every 2-3 days; it is not a period of fertilization rich in nitrogen, although it is advisable to add a little humus to the soil of new plants or transplants. We now prefer fertilizers that are poor in nitrogen and rich in potassium, to favor the development of fruits, and their taste and aroma.Celery, onions, aubergines, cardoons, cabbage and leeks need to be pressed, every 3-4 weeks: with a hoe we bring the soil to the base of the plant, in order to favor the development of the roots in depth and to bleach the vegetables with heads , onions and leeks.To obtain large and juicy tomatoes it is necessary to periodically carry out monthly fruit and vegetable works such as the sfemminellatura: it is the removal of the shoots that grow between the stem and the leaves; in addition to this operation it is advisable, during the first weeks of July, to also remove 2-3 branches in the lower part of the tomato plant, using a well sharpened knife; After the formation of the third or fourth stage of fruits it is also advisable to trim the plants, removing the apical part, to favor the development of the fruits.If we intend to sow radishes and salads in general, it is advisable to make scalar sowing: every 2-3 weeks we sow the vegetables we have chosen in a small plot of the garden; in this way we will always obtain fresh vegetables.Fruit plants may need a light green pruning, with which they will intervene to remove branches that are too long or that deviate too far from the foliage; if some of our plants are too full of fruit we try to detach a good percentage, in order to avoid breaking the branches and to obtain smaller quantities of fruit but of better size.Seeds of July Vegetable garden
In this period it is possible to proceed with the sowing of numerous varieties of vegetables that can give tasty crops. The main species that are normally cultivated are:
autumn cabbage, chicory, endive, lettuce, leek, chard, beans, turnip, rocket, zucchini, parsley.
As regards, instead, the varieties of garden plants that can be planted in this period, we recall: digitalis, perennial herbaceous plants, carnations, hollyhocks, myosotis, marguerite, primrose, violet, violaceous.
Seeds of August Vegetable garden
In August, many other varieties of vegetable plants such as beets, carrots, onions, chicory, fennel, beans, endive, lettuce, parsley, turnips, radishes, rocket, endive, courgettes can be planted.
Also for the garden there are numerous tree species that can be planted in this period and are:
Centaurea, cineraria, linum, lobelia, matricaria, mimulus, penstemon, primula, reseda, scabiosa, schizanthus, silene, verbena, violet.
Work of the fruit and vegetable month July-August: Pests and diseases
During the months of July and August we pay attention to the insects present on the garden plants, aphids, cochineals and mites are the most widespread; the use of an insecticide is not recommended during the flowering periods, and even during the hours of the day, it is good to practice the treatments in the early hours of the morning or evening.
After thunderstorms or brief periods of disturbance, not very high temperatures and high humidity cause a rapid proliferation of fungal diseases, so let's remember to practice a sulfur-based treatment after each very consistent precipitation, followed by some cool hours, both in the garden and in the 'vegetable garden
We periodically check the garden, in these months aphids, snails, Colorado beetle and many other insects proliferate, which could cause the loss of most of the fruits.
In areas where hail occurs very often, it is advisable to consider repairing the garden with hail-proof sheets, so as to contain the damage caused by this annoying phenomenon.