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Useful vitamins, calorie content and chemical composition of different types of cabbage

Useful vitamins, calorie content and chemical composition of different types of cabbage


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Borsch is a traditional Russian dish. And its preparation cannot be imagined without a head of fresh crispy white cabbage. This vegetable is well known and loved by many.

However, not everyone knows that cabbage has a wide species diversity, and there are an immense amount of options for its use and methods of preparation.

Interesting? Read on, because we will devote this article to acquaintance with the chemical and vitamin composition of cabbage, as well as the beneficial properties and contraindications of different types of this plant.

Why is it important to know the chemical composition and KBZhU?

Cabbage or Brassica in Latin is an extremely common and popular product.

You can easily meet her in any salad or on the dining table. Therefore, it is necessary to know how this vegetable affects the human body. Let's begin with that representatives of the cabbage family contain an incredible amount of macro- and microelements, vitamins and acids... Because of this, its systematic use can both improve and ruin human health.

For example, for people with pancreatic problems, excessive consumption of cabbage is contraindicated (you can read about other contraindications here). Therefore, below you can find answers to such important questions about the calorie content and composition of the product: what vitamins (this, for example, C, B, E and others) are rich in fresh cabbage of different types, how many calories (kcal) do 100 grams of cabbage contain, as well as proteins , fats and carbohydrates, what minerals are in this vegetable?

Content of substances in various types

Scientists identify about 50 species of representatives of the Brassicaceae family, while breeders use about 13 species. Some of them will be discussed below.

White-headed

Contains the following vitamins per 100 g:

  • Vitamin B complex1-9 - 0.38 mg.
  • Beta-carotene - 0.02 mg.
  • C - 45 mg.
  • PP - 0.7 mg.
  • K - phylloquinone - 76 mg.
  • Choline - 10.7 mg

The calorie content of 100 grams of white cabbage is 28 kcal. Where Proteins are 1.8 grams, Fats are 0.1 grams, and Carbohydrates are 4.7 grams.

In addition, this product contains 90.4 g of water, 4.6 g of mono- and disaccharide and 0.3 g of organic acids.

Microelements per 100 g:

  1. Zinc - 0.4 mg.
  2. Iron - 0.6 mg.
  3. Boron - 200 mcg.
  4. Aluminum - 570 mcg
  5. Manganese - 0.17 mg

Macronutrients per 100 g:

  • Chlorine - 37 mg.
  • Potassium - 0.3 g.
  • Magnesium - 16 mg
  • Phosphorus - 31 mg
  • Calcium - 48 mg

Benefit: organic acids, which are rich in cabbage, prevent the development of malignant tumors. The high content of various vitamins supports the immune system. And folic acid is considered a useful vitamin for women. Tartronic acid with choline prevents the formation of cholesterol, stabilizes the acidity of the stomach. And one cannot fail to note the content of glucose, which in not excessive quantities is extremely useful for the productive work of the body and the brain in particular.

Read about the use of the compress from the leaves of white cabbage and honey here, and in this article you will find more recipes for using the vegetable in traditional medicine.

Harm: overeating white cabbage can provoke excessive gas formation in the stomach and overload the pancreas with dense dietary fiber. For stomach ulcers, you should also avoid using cabbage. White cabbage and problems with potency are contraindicated.

We suggest watching a video about the composition, benefits and dangers of white cabbage:

Redhead

Vitamin composition per 100 g:

  • A - 12 mg.
  • PP - 0.6 mg.
  • Vitamin C - 90 mg
  • E - 0.13 mg.
  • K - 0.149 g.
  • IN1, 2, 5, 6, 9 - 0.7 mg.

The calorie content of the fresh product is 26 kcal per 100 grams.

Is red cabbage carbohydrates or proteins? BJU cabbage: Fat - 0.2 g, Protein - 1.2 g, and Carbohydrates - 5.1 g and 91 g of Water.

Macronutrients per 100 g:

  1. Potassium - 0.3 g.
  2. Silicon - 28 mg.
  3. Sulfur - 70 mg.
  4. Calcium - 48 mg
  5. Phosphorus - 37 mg

Microelements per 100 g:

  • Manganese - 200 mcg
  • Copper - 36 mcg.
  • Iron - 0.5 mg
  • Zinc - 23 mcg.

Benefit: red cabbage has antibacterial and diuretic effects. Normalizes acid balance and blood pressure. Acids in it do not allow cholesterol to form, cleanse blood vessels and blood. And an impressive supply of trace elements and vitamins strengthens the immune system, the nervous system, improves vision and restores the intestinal microflora.

Harm: red cabbage should not be consumed by people with aggravated gastrointestinal problems. Also, mothers should not eat it while breastfeeding and children under one year old, this can provoke the appearance of stomach problems in the child. Read more about the use of different types of cabbage for breastfeeding here.

We offer you to watch a video about the benefits of red cabbage and its medicinal properties:

Color

Vitamin composition per 100 g:

  • C - 48 mg.
  • E - 0.08 mg.
  • K - 16 mcg.
  • IN1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9 - 46 mg.
  • PP - 0.5 mg.

The calorie content of the product per 100 g is 25 kcal. Proteins - 2 g, Fats - 0.3 g, Carbohydrates - 5 g, Water - 92 g.

Further you can get acquainted with the chemical. composition of cabbage.

Macronutrients per 100 g:

  1. Calcium - 22 mg
  2. Phosphorus - 44 mg
  3. Potassium - 230 mg.
  4. Sodium - 30 mg
  5. Magnesium - 15 mg

Microelements per 100 g:

  • Copper - 40 mcg.
  • Manganese - 0.155 mg
  • Iron - 0.4 mg

Benefit: Cauliflower (or Brassica oleracea in Latin) is very useful for ulcers and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, its juice has wound healing properties, and trace elements stabilize the acid balance of the stomach. Also, heads of this type of cabbage contain a lot of fiber, which perfectly cleanses the digestive tract. In addition, the constituents of this vegetable perfectly strengthen the cardiovascular system. Cauliflower is an excellent dietary product.

Harm: increased secretion of gastric juice is a serious contraindication to the use of Brassica oleracea. It is also undesirable for people with problems of the genitourinary system, diseases of the stomach and intestines.

We suggest watching a video about the benefits of cauliflower for the body:

Broccoli

What vitamins are in broccoli?

Vitamin composition per 100 g:

  • PP - 0.64 mg.
  • IN1, 2, 5, 6, 9 - 0.98 mg.
  • A - 0.380 mg.
  • C - 90 mg.
  • E - 0.8 mg.

The calorie content of 100 grams of broccoli is 33 kcal, and the content of BZHU of a fresh vegetable: Proteins - 2.8 g, Fats - 0.33 g, Carbohydrates - 6.7 g and Water - 88 g.

Microelements per 100 g:

  1. Iron - 0.75 g.
  2. Zinc - 0.43 g.
  3. Selenium - 2.5 mg

Macronutrients in the composition and in how many mg:

  • Calcium - 46 mg
  • Magnesium - 21 mg
  • Sodium - 32 mg
  • Potassium - 0.315 g.
  • Phosphorus - 65 mg

Benefit: Broccoli is a fairly satisfying and dietary product, in addition, eating broccoli in food has a positive effect on digestion.

Due to its richness with vitamins, broccoli is an extremely healthy organic product. Also, broccoli is well absorbed by the body.

Harm: people with pancreatic diseases and high acidity should not eat broccoli. You should not over-digest the vegetable, guanine and adenine will harm your body due to such processing.

We suggest watching a video about the dangers and benefits of broccoli:

Beijing

The following is a description of what vitamins Peking cabbage contains and how many mg of each.

Vitamin composition in 100 g:

  • A - 16 mcg.
  • Beta-Carotene - 0.2 mg.
  • IN1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9 - 8.1 mg.
  • C - 27 mg.

The calorie content of Chinese cabbage per 100 g is 16 kcal. Proteins - 1.2 g, Fats - 0.2 g, Carbohydrates - 2 g, Water 94 g.

The product contains trace elements:

  1. Potassium - 0.237 g.
  2. Calcium - 74 mg
  3. Manganese - 2 mg

Macronutrients:

  • Magnesium - 14 mg
  • Sodium - 9 mg
  • Phosphorus - 29 mg

Benefit: Chinese cabbage is useful in the fight against migraines and neuroses, it calms and stabilizes the nervous system.

It is recommended to use this type of cabbage for people with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, gastritis with low acidity or high cholesterol. Prevents the occurrence of vitamin deficiency and cardiovascular diseases.

Harm: this vegetable is contraindicated in people with pancreatitis, high acidity, stomach bleeding, or exacerbation of ulcers and gastritis. Chinese cabbage contains a large amount of citric acid.

We offer you to watch a video about the benefits of Chinese cabbage:

Based on the data presented, it is safe to say that cabbage is a vegetable saturated with acids, potassium and vitamin C. Some members of the Cruciferous family have a much larger supply of vitamin C than citrus fruits. Even dieters can enrich their diet with cabbage. Not to mention, such a simple, popular and affordable vegetable can go a long way towards improving your health. However, this useful product should be used carefully.


Watch the video: 38 Delicious Foods That Contain Almost Zero Calories (May 2022).