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Mid-early potato varieties show the perfect balance of flavor and yield.
These are the qualities that distinguish popular variety Santasuitable for most Russian regions. Potatoes are unpretentious, easy to care for, little susceptible to disease.
You can find a detailed description of the variety later in the article. And also get acquainted with its main characteristics, learn everything about the features of cultivation and the tendency to damage by pests. Also in the material are photos of root crops.
Santa potatoes variety description
|general characteristics||Mid-season Dutch variety with good yield and taste|
|Ripening period||85-90 days|
|Mass of marketable tubers||90-120 gr|
|The number of tubers in the bush||up to 20|
|Yield||up to 570 c / ha|
|Consumer qualities||good taste, suitable for fries and frying|
|Pulp color||light yellow|
|Preferred growing regions||middle lane and south of Russia|
|Disease resistance||prone to late blight, susceptible to scab|
|Growing features||suitable for organic farming|
|Originator||Agrico U.A (Netherlands)|
- tubers are large, weighing from 100 to 150 g;
- oval or round-oval shape;
- the tubers are even, neat;
- the peel is yellow, evenly colored, moderately dense, smooth;
- the eyes are superficial, shallow, inconspicuous, but numerous;
- the flesh on the cut is light yellow;
- the starch content is low, ranging from 10 to 14.2%;
- high content of dry matter, B vitamins and carotene.
Characteristics and taste
Santa - mid-early table variety... From the moment of planting to harvesting, 80-90 days pass. The yield is good, the harvested root crops are perfectly stored.
The potatoes are beautifully shaped, ideal for sale or industrial processing. The rind is thin but firm, good protects root crops from mechanical damage.
The yield depends on the region and growing conditions. Depending on the nutritional value of the soil, it ranges from 270 to 570 centners per hectare.
For comparison, the table below presents data on the yield of other potato varieties:
|Santa||up to 570 c / ha|
|Crown||430-650 c / ha|
|Lileya||up to 670 c / ha|
|American||250-420 c / ha|
|Pretty boy||170-280 c / ha|
|Blue Danube||350-400 c / ha|
|Palm||up to 450 c / ha|
|Typhoon||400-450 c / ha|
|Jelly||up to 550 c / ha|
|Gourmet||350-400 c / ha|
|Red Fantasy||260-380 c / ha|
Bushes are erect, of medium height, intermediate type. The branches are moderately spreading, the formation of green mass is average. The leaves are small, simple, dark green.
Large white flowers are collected in compact corollas. The root system is well developed, 15-20 tubers are formed under each plant.
Potatoes are quite thermophilic, planting begins in late springwhen the threat of frost has passed. Plants develop best at high air temperatures (up to 29 degrees) and moderate humidity.
Excessive heat and drought halt the growth of tubers. For optimal productivity, watering and feeding with alternating mineral and organic fertilizers are recommended.
The Santa variety is resistant to the main diseases of the nightshade: potato crayfish, cyst nematode, common scab, and various viruses. Moderate susceptibility to late blight of tops and tubers.
Under unfavorable conditions, it is possible to be affected by rhizoctonia or black leg.
Santa's potatoes taste. Sante potatoes have a pleasant rich taste, without excessive dryness or wateriness. Due to the small amount of starch, the tubers do not boil down, keeping their neat shape.
Potatoes do not darken during processing and cooking. Ideal for deep-frying, cooking chips, vegetable mixes, dressing soups, stuffing, baking. It is possible to prepare semi-finished products on an industrial scale.
The variety is ideal for restaurant cuisine, root vegetables cook quickly, and look very attractive. Not suitable for mashed potatoes. Stores well.
The photo shows potatoes of the Santa variety
Advantages and disadvantages
TO main merits varieties include:
- high taste of root crops;
- early amicable ripening;
- excellent productivity;
- harvested tubers are well stored;
- versatility of root crops;
- potatoes are suitable for sale;
- resistance to mechanical damage;
- unpretentious care;
- drought resistance;
- seed material does not degenerate;
- resistance to major diseases.
The features of the variety include love of warmth and frost intolerance... At low temperatures, yields are greatly reduced. The variety is sensitive to soil nutrition.
To compare the characteristics of Santa with other potato varieties, take a look at the table below:
|Variety name||Starch content||Keeping quality|
|Nevsky||10-12%||good, but the tubers germinate early|
|Taisiya||13-16%||96% (tubers have a long dormant period)|
|Rodrigo||12-15%||95% (not prone to freezing)|
The Santa potato variety is bred by Dutch breeders. Included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 1993. Zoned for the Central, Volgo-Vyatka, North, North-West, Lower Volga, Ural, West Siberian, Far Eastern regions.
It is possible to grow on an industrial scale, as well as in farms and personal subsidiary plots. The harvested crop is well stored, transportation is possible. The commercial qualities are unchanged for several months after harvest.
Agricultural technology for this variety is standard. The variety is thermophilic, planting begins when the soil is completely warmed up. The soil is thoroughly loosened, plant residues and other unnecessary inclusions are selected. Old humus or wood ash is laid out on the holes. Tubers are planted at a distance of 35-40 cm, to a depth of no more than 10 cm. Wide row spacings are required. After hilling, high ridges are left. Mulching can help control weeds.
Potatoes love moderately moist soil. The ideal option is the organization of drip irrigation. Top dressing is applied twice a season.
Mineral complexes with potassium, magnesium and phosphorus are preferred, as well as organic matter (diluted mullein or bird droppings). An overabundance of nitrogen-containing fertilizers (urea or ammonium nitrate) leads to abundant growth of tops to the detriment of the development of tubers.
Seed material is collected from the best, most productive bushes. They must not be affected by pests or viruses.
Suitable plants are marked in advance, after digging, the potatoes are sorted, dried and stored separately. The Santa potato variety is not prone to degeneration, however, the seed is recommended to be renewed every 5-6 years.
Potatoes calmly endures mechanized harvesting, tubers are resistant to mechanical damage. After harvesting, thorough drying is required, followed by sorting.
The use of various chemicals in potato cultivation is controversial and controversial.
We bring to your attention useful information about why and how herbicides and insecticides are used in growing potatoes.
Diseases and pests
Sante potato variety resistant to most dangerous diseases: potato crayfish, common scab, cyst nematode, tobacco mosaic viruses, leaf curling or wrinkling.
Moderately resistant to late blight. For prophylaxis, it is recommended to treat plantings with medicinal preparations. Periodic change of planting sites will also help to avoid infections.
Ideal predecessors: meadow grasses, cabbage, legumes. Fields on vacation can be sown with oil radish or phacelia.
Potato greens can be affected by Colorado beetles or aphids. Parasites are destroyed by spraying with industrial insecticides. Also, plants are often threatened by wireworms, bears and potato moths.
Help reduce the risk of insects timely weeding and hilling... The pre-planting treatment of tubers saves from the wireworm. Chemical preparations or folk remedies will help against the Colorado potato beetle and its larvae.
Santa is a variety suitable for industrial or hobby cultivation. It is undemanding to care, does not degenerate, demonstrates good productivity, resistance to diseases.
Potatoes are suitable for personal subsidiary plots or wholesalers. Excellent keeping quality and high commercial qualities guarantee a stable profit.
There are many ways to grow potatoes. Read more about Dutch technologies, growing early varieties, harvesting without weeding and hilling, growing methods under straw, in barrels, in bags, in boxes.
Watch the video: preparing Santa potatoes for germination
We also offer you to familiarize yourself with other varieties of potatoes that have different ripening periods:
|Mid late||Medium early||Superearly|
|Son||The dark woman||Farmer|
|Crane||Lord of the open spaces||Meteor|