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Rules and secrets of the location of the greenhouse in the country, in the garden and roofs on the cardinal points

Rules and secrets of the location of the greenhouse in the country, in the garden and roofs on the cardinal points


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Buying or building a greenhouse for growing vegetables is only half the battle.

To get the largest possible harvest in it, you need to correctly position it in your summer cottage.

Basic principles of site selection

The creation of optimal conditions for growing plants and obtaining a large harvest directly depends on the correct location of the greenhouse. When installing, you need to take into account all the features of the site you own:

  • Soil quality;
  • Features of the relief;
  • Direction of the wind;
  • Location of communications and other buildings.

We analyze the landscape features of the site

During installation, the following factors need to be analyzed:

  1. Soil quality. It is necessary to take it into account due to the fact that a greenhouse, installed on too soft soil, can significantly sink or tilt over time. As a result, the strength of the structure will suffer, and the doors may stop closing. Skewing can even lead to destruction of the coating or damage to the frame. In this regard, you should choose a place where the soil is more dense.

    If the choice fell on a swampy area, then it is necessary to make good drainage before installing the structure. When placing a greenhouse on soft soil, it is imperative to make a foundation.

    To determine the composition of the soil on the site, dig a hole and check what is under the fertile layer. If there is clay, then it is not recommended to put the greenhouse in this place. Clay will retain water when watering, this will cause stagnant water and an increase in moisture inside. This phenomenon is unfavorable for plants. Try to find a spot where sand is located under the fertile layer.

    If all the land on your site is located on a clay layer, it is necessary to dig a pit before installing the greenhouse, replace the clay layer with a sand cushion, place a drainage layer under it and then fill it with a fertile layer. Only then can a greenhouse be installed in this place.

    It is also important to ensure that the site is not close to the groundwater surface. The distance to them should be at least one and a half meters.

  2. The presence of a bias. It is not necessary to locate the greenhouse on an area with a slope. Find a flat area for her. The ideal location is on a level area with firm ground. Both longitudinal and transverse inclination of the structure must not be allowed.

    If your entire plot is on a slope, you can soften it by building a foundation under the building.

Greenhouse orientation to the cardinal points

The illumination of the plants grown in it depends on how the greenhouse will be located relative to the cardinal points. With the wrong choice of this criterion, the plants will experience a lack of illumination, which means that the size of the resulting crop will sharply decrease.

Of course, it is possible to compensate for the lack of sunlight by using artificial lighting, but this will immediately lead to an increase in energy costs. Therefore, it is more advisable to calculate the location in such a way as to make the most of the free solar energy.

How to properly position the greenhouse on a plot to the cardinal points? Better north to south or west to east? It is advisable to place the greenhouse in a place that is illuminated by the sun all day. It is more expedient to choose the west-east direction. With this arrangement, the plants will be illuminated as much as possible from morning to evening. And if the greenhouse is operated in winter, the costs of lighting and heating can be reduced.

IMPORTANT: If you have two greenhouses next to each other, make sure that they do not block the sun from each other.

If it is impossible to construct a structure in a place that is as illuminated as possible throughout the day, try to put it in such a way that the plants receive lighting in the morning. The most dangerous time for plants is dawn, so if the sun does not warm them in the morning, growth may slow down and the ovaries fall off.

Greenhouse lighting in the afternoon is the worst option. The sun will not have time to warm up the interior space, and the plants will freeze overnight. Chilled plants that do not have time to warm up from the sun will cause burns after dinner.

ATTENTION: Do not set up a greenhouse near or directly under tall trees. They will shade the plants.

Where does the wind blow?

Wind direction is another important factor that should be taken into account when installing. The structure must be reliably protected from wind gusts. If the greenhouse is in a draft, then the temperature inside it will be too low for growing thermophilic crops.

How to install a greenhouse? Even in a small area, choose the quietest place. Try to position the greenhouse so that it is protected from wind gusts by other buildings as much as possible. The protection of the building from the north wind is especially important.

IMPORTANT: When protecting the greenhouse from the wind with the help of other structures, make sure that they do not block the access of light at the same time.

Alternatively, planting a hedge or installing a blank fence can be used as a wind barrier. In this case, it is important to correctly calculate the height of the fence and its distance from the greenhouse. Bushes should be planted at a distance of 20 meters, and a fence with a greenhouse height of 2 meters at least 7 meters.

REFERENCE: If it is not possible to organize the protection of the building from the wind, install it so that the main flows fall on the frontal part. This will help prevent heat loss.

Accounting for distance to communications

The mistake of many gardeners is the decision to build a greenhouse in the far corner of the site for aesthetic reasons. So that the structure does not spoil the appearance of the site, they try to place it as far as possible from the house. Beauty in this case turns into additional inconveniences and unnecessary material costs.

The greenhouse must be supplied with water, and sometimes gas and electricity. So you have to pull pipes or wires across the entire section. Therefore, when choosing a place, consider the need for laying engineering systems. Consider also the maintenance-friendliness of your greenhouse. It should be easy to drive up and down to it.

How to build a rooftop greenhouse?

The idea of ​​building greenhouses on buildings is not a novelty in modern conditions. In Europe, this practice has long been rooted and began to be in demand. In Russia, there is still no such massive placement of greenhouses on various buildings. Moreover, this option is quite interesting both in terms of saving space and as creating the most favorable conditions for growing plants.

Judge for yourself, a greenhouse on the roof is the maximum solar energy and therefore more heat for the plants. In combination with the saving of space for growing vegetables in small areas, this solution has only positive sides from all sides. Moreover, a greenhouse can be built not only in a private building, but also on the roof of an apartment building.

Of course, the building located on the roof has its own special requirements both for the design and for the technology of growing vegetables in it. Without touching on the second question, which requires a separate article, let's talk about the features of the location of the greenhouse on the roof.

The structure should be as light as possible and at the same time sufficiently strong. The coating should not be glass, but polycarbonate. This is due to the fact that there are very strong gusts of wind on the roof of the high-rise building. The material must be shock-resistant. It is unacceptable to build a structure covered with a plastic film on the roof - it will be carried away or burst by the first strong wind. The frame must also be strong.

The most suitable for the roof is an arched shape, which helps to reduce snow and wind loads.

There are several options for the location of the greenhouse:

  • Construction of an additional transparent bay window.
  • Installation of the finished greenhouse directly on the existing roof.
  • Reconstruction of the roof by setting up a kind of floor with transparent walls on it (that is, alteration of the attic).

IMPORTANT: Before deciding on the installation of a structure, carefully study the documents for the house and calculate the bearing capacity of the floors in order to avoid problems. When calculating, do not forget to include the weight of the soil in the mass.

Another important point is preparation for the installation of the roof covering. It needs to be provided with additional waterproofing. When installing, also do not forget to provide a water supply system, since carrying water with buckets to a height will be problematic. The most beneficial in this case is drip irrigation.

To ensure air access to the plants, you need to provide the maximum number of vents, since on hot days on the roof the temperature can be too high, and your plants will simply burn out from overheating.

REFERENCE: You can connect the greenhouse to the ventilation of the house. In this case, oxygen from plants will enter the living quarters, which is undoubtedly a plus.

A greenhouse on the roof of an apartment building is an excellent option for gardening for residents who do not have suburban summer cottages.

Compliance with all the rules for the location of greenhouses in summer cottages, vegetable gardens and roofs of houses, as well as taking into account all the above nuances, will allow you to get the maximum yield in your building.

A photo

In the following photos you can familiarize yourself with the options for placing greenhouses on a personal summer cottage

The location of the greenhouse on the site and the orientation diagram to the cardinal points:

Video

Examples of greenhouse placement can be found in the following video


Watch the video: Harvest on the Rooftop: Rooftop greenhouses changing the way cities eat (May 2022).