Also

Bats under the roof: a neighborhood leading to bites and various diseases, including rabies

Bats under the roof: a neighborhood leading to bites and various diseases, including rabies


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Bats often become unwanted neighbors of a personsettling in attics and balconies of houses and apartments.

Sometimes colonies of bats "settlers" reach several dozen individuals.

Some people do not consider it necessary to drive out guests, but such a neighborhood has more disadvantages than advantages.

A bat is a carrier of what diseases?

Bats are unique animals that carry many diseases dangerous to humans, while they themselves suffer from them.

This may be due to some biological characteristics or to the fact that mammals fly, while spending a lot of energy, which is why their body temperature is constantly elevated, from which the immune system is activated.

Either way, bats are vectors many diseases that are fatal to humans.

ATTENTION! Bats carry viruses such as the sensational Ebola fever, Marburg virus, SARS (atypical pneumonia) coronavirus, the relatively new Hendroy fever, hemorrhagic and other types of fevers, and many other diseases.

Some scientists believe that the fame of bats as unsurpassed carriers of infection is greatly exaggerated, but many scientists agree that the risk of contracting something dangerous from through bat bite big enough.

Be that as it may, it is better not to take unnecessary risks and not go into contact with bats unnecessarily.

A photo

Get to know the bats in our photo gallery:

Rabies virus

Most often in connection with bats, they recall rabies virus... Usually, the infection will occur if a bat bites (it is believed that this disease is not transmitted by airborne droplets, but you can get infected through the contact route by touching the mouse and having wounds on your hands).

Moreover, bats are carriers of a special type of rabies, which is especially infectious and has a shorter incubation period.

And while some argue that an encounter with a rabid bat is unlikelysince it is not capable of flying to human habitation, this information is controversial.

Because some mice, as mentioned above, carry rabies, but they themselves do not get sick.

What to do with a bite?

IMPORTANT! In no case should you ignore the bite received by simply treating it with alcohol, bandaging it and forgetting about it.

Firstly wash the wound with clean water and soap (best of all - household). This must be done carefully and for a long time - at least 10 minutes.

Then treat the edges of the wound disinfectant alcohol or a product based on it: it can be vodka, cologne, hydrogen peroxide, iodine, brilliant green.

After processing, you need bandage the wound with a sterile dressing and go to the local emergency room.

In any case, the applied patient give 6 injections according to a certain scheme.

Also, the treatment process may include taking antirabies immunoglobulin drugs.

Observing a bitten animal greatly facilitates the diagnosis, but not everyone will be able to catch a bitten bat.

Harm or benefit to the garden

Often, bats settle under the roofs of country houses. You can determine their presence by characteristic rustle and squeakas well as droppings that resemble dark powder mixed with shiny remnants of insect shells.

This is, of course, annoying for people, here what harm do bats do: noise that interferes with sleep at night, garbage, even visits directly to a person's house are possible ... And feces are also poisonous if you inhale their smell.

In fairness, it should be noted that eating bats and benefits: they eat a large number of insects that can harm crops and trees in the garden and vegetable garden (what do bats eat?).

In addition, they hunt for nocturnal pests that birds do not catch - after all, at this time of day, many birds are sleeping.

Reference: the diet of bats includes harmful moths, moths, ringed silkworms, moths, etc.

That is why many gardeners even welcome bats, build houses for them on the site and protect their peace in every possible way.

However, this unjustifiably risky venture, because, as mentioned above, bats can bite a person and infect him with dangerous diseases.

Just the bat does not attack humans, she bites only in self-defense. But it is difficult to predict when the winged animal will decide that it is in danger.

Control methods

The conclusion is obvious: from night guests on their site or the balcony of a city apartment better get rid of... In this case, radical methods are not at all necessary, you can expose bats without causing them much harm.

Easier and smartest of all contact the relevant organizations for this purpose - they will do everything competently, quickly and without unnecessary sacrifices. But you can cope on your own.

IMPORTANT! Fighting bats should not be carried out in winter: at this time, the animals hibernate, and instead of flying away, they may die (how and where do bats hibernate?). Also, do not carry out work in the spring, during the period of motherhood of females. The mice cannot leave the shelter on their own and are also doomed to death.

So how do you get rid of bats on your balcony? First of all, find the place where the bats have settled (where do bats live?). Start watching at dusk: It is at this time that bats fly out to hunt.

Pay attention to where the animals fly from, wait until everyone leaves their home.

Then brick up the entrance to their "mink": Seal well or seal all holes, cracks, any nearby holes with polyurethane foam, so that the mice cannot get inside "from another entrance."

Then the winged creatures will be forced to look for another place of residence.

IMPORTANT! Make sure that absolutely all animals have left their den, otherwise the remaining walled up mice will cause you a lot of trouble! Individuals that die inside will begin to rot, and it will be very difficult to find small carcasses.

Also bats do not tolerate the smell of naphthalene... Its balls can be hung around the balcony or attic in gauze bags, and this scent will discourage mice from returning.

Another option: water the mice with a hose... It will take several such procedures before the animals attached to the chosen place decide on relocation.

Actual application ultrasonic repeller: these devices are quite economical, safe for people, easy to use.

All these methods are relevant for open places where there is no way to brick up mouse moves. In order to prevent the animals from returning for sure, leave them in their recent habitat. high power lamps on all night.

This will have to be done for several nights, since bats become very quickly and strongly attached to their chosen places, and will not quickly give up their positions.

Conclusion

If bats have already appeared on your site and you have started a fight with them, do not forget that some of their species are listed in the Red Book and their destruction is prohibited.

In addition, their benefits in killing harmful insects are obvious. therefore be patient and achieve a peaceful resettlement bats to more suitable places for them.

Video

Bats often live under the roofs of residential buildings. In the video, the builders dismantled the house of a very large family of bats:


Watch the video: Rabies-infected bat bites 3-month-old Fairfield boy (May 2022).