Hedge pruning

Hedge pruning

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The hedges are plants placed close to each other in a very close way and many use them to create a border between one property and another, to repair their garden from the sun, if thorny to keep animals away and finally they are useful to have privacy in your own home. The hedges can be pruned in a formal way with a very precise, linear short cut, maintaining regular contours, with cuts that favor growth from the bottom upwards, very useful if you have to educate them to grow near a wall or fence or in informal way used to grow shrubs in a freer way, always maintaining an orderly line, valid both for evergreen hedges and for deciduous shrubs such as roses, hawthorn, hazel etc ... in such a way as to make them bloom and fructify. There are different types of hedges, and plants that are used to form them, they can be compact and evergreen, with deciduous leaves, conifers and many others. Finally they can have very important heights ranging from 5-6 meters or simply just 30 centimeters, it is advisable to inquire well before choosing the type of hedge to be placed, so as not to have surprises. Their pruning must be continuous in order to favor a correct development, otherwise they would tend to empty themselves in the inner part and would create thin branches externally, all because they cannot receive the light evenly.


Generally the hedges of any kind must be pruned at least twice a year, the best periods are May and August, the tools used manually are the well sharpened and lubricated scissors, the hacksaw for large branches or with the electric or petrol hedge trimmer for some large structures. It is advisable to start cutting from the lower part, in order to establish the width of the base, then go up again keeping the blade slightly inclined to create a narrower shape at the top, with this technique the sunlight will be able to filter in each side and serve also to guarantee safety to hedges without being damaged by the weight of the snow in case of heavy snow, because it will tend to slide directly on the ground. If the pruning was carried out with a pair of scissors, it is advisable to check and, if necessary, cut any broken branches or leaves with shears to prevent the plant from becoming ill. For precise and tidy hedges it is advisable to use the wire tied from one end to the other, so that when pruning the line is always straight without creating unsightly waves. Once the pruning is over, it is advisable to collect all the foliage and take it to the biological platforms of the green, avoid leaving dry branches or leaves that would cause rot, or even eliminate the weeds that grow under the hedges so as not to accumulate anything at the base. Use retardants to limit the growth of hedges, spray them after spring pruning, in this way they will keep their shape until the following spring.


Usually they are quite robust shrubs, which do not require much care and have a very rapid development so they must be pruned repeatedly during the year, in this way the hedges remain compact and very dense.


If these hedges are pruned at the top, they stop growing in height, but develop in width, so until they have reached the desired height it is not advisable to perform this pruning in height. Conifers are very convenient as they do not need many prunings and many species grow compactly.


There are many flowering plants that are used to form hedges, from the fragrant jasmine to the splendid rose. During pruning, avoid cutting buds that are not yet in bloom. If on the tree the flowers bloom on the new branches it is advised to prune them in winter and even after flowering, instead if they bloom on those already woody, wait until they have finished flowering to avoid exporting all the buds.


Climbing hedges grow very fast and have a vigorous growth, so it is advisable to prune them often during the year especially if they are part of the evergreen family. The main and most intense pruning must be performed between late winter and early spring, the other prunings must be done when the outermost branches appear messy and very long, to finish the last pruning must be done between late summer and early autumn.