Creation of gardens

Creation of gardens

In the design and creation of gardens it is necessary to consider some preliminary aspects.
- type of exposure
- extension
- exposure to sunlight
- types of land
- coexistence with various plant species.
It is also useful, for the creation of a garden, to decide which types of plants you want to stay in: trees, shrubs, bushes or herbaceous plants; climbing plants to cover espaliers or walls; evergreen plants to keep the garden alive; flowering plants to create colored areas; possibly aromatic plants for culinary purposes.
Another factor to be taken into consideration is also economic availability, which can significantly affect the choices.

Maple tree

Maple is a plant rather used in green spaces for its ornamental appearance.
It is a fast-growing deciduous tree.
It has an erect and slender stem that can reach a height of 30-40 meters, with a wide and rounded crown, which can ensure a pleasant area of ​​shade and coolness in the garden.
The leaves are large, with rounded edges, palmate or lobed (with 5 lobes) with an upper leaf of dark green color, and a lower one of whitish color
Presents hermaphroditic flowers gathered in cluster inflorescences, inconspicuous, with a sloping, green or yellowish color.
The fruits are double samaras.
It requires fresh, well-drained soils, devoid of acid component and rich in humus and peat.
It must have good exposure to light, although it is advisable not to expose it directly to sunlight.


Magnolia is also a very popular variety for setting up a garden, thanks to its precious flowering.
It is an ornamental deciduous tree.
It has a robust stem, with a height of around 20-25 meters, with rough bark of dark color.
The leaves have an elongated, elliptical, leathery consistency, with an upper page of an intense green color and a lower one of dark color. They have an alternate listing.
The flowers, the main attraction of the plant, are large, very fragrant, with white, fleshy and soft petals.
The fruits are similar to pine cones containing bright red seeds.
It is a tree that, in the gardens, creates a pleasant spot of color and gives off an intense and very pleasant perfume; it does not require special care as it adapts well to any type of soil, even if it prefers those with acid or neutral and well-drained composition.
It requires an exposition in full sun and mild temperatures because it fears cold and late frosts.


It is a climbing and ornamental shrub.
It has a semi-woody stem that needs support to develop: it is therefore suitable for covering walls, espaliers, palisades or gazebos.
It is recommended for those who want to take advantage of a shaded area by creating a colorful corner in the garden.
The leaves are small, pinnate, light green and formed by 15 leaflets with alternate insertion.
The flowers are grouped in cluster-shaped inflorescences, conical in shape, quite large, pink tending to lilac and extremely fragrant.
The flowering is very abundant and lasts from March until the beginning of summer.
It requires a clayey and well-drained, fertile soil, rich in organic material.
It prefers exposure in full sun as it fears cold and excessive humidity.
It is advisable to constantly water the plant during the hottest months and to fertilize it at least twice a year with liquid fertilizers.


It is an ornamental evergreen shrub.
It has a woody stem, varying in height between 10 and 15 meters.
The leaves are bipinnate and consist of small and delicate leaflets that tend to close in on themselves in adverse conditions.
The flowers are beautiful and very fragrant; these are heads with an intense yellow color, with a soft and feathery appearance, which are abundantly flowering from January until March.
The fruits are long dark legumes with many seeds.
This plant is indicated to create a color zone in the garden and, not being particularly voluminous, it can be placed alongside other green or flowering shrubs.
The fact of belonging to the evergreen group ensures the persistence of color even during the cold months and, due to its adaptability, it does not require shelter in the greenhouse.
It prefers sunny areas and acid, deep and well-drained soils.
Fertilization is recommended in spring and autumn.


Another type of plant that is often used to decorate the garden is surfinia.
It is an ornamental herbaceous plant belonging to the Petunias family.
It is very suitable for creating colorful flowerbeds and keeping them in bloom for a long time, in fact the flowers continue to bloom from spring to summer.
Presents herbaceous, sticky stems, of a bright green color.
The flowers are funnel-shaped with 5 apical lobes, with very bright colors ranging from white to pink to purple to purple.
They prefer well-drained soils with scarce limestone, but rich in sand and shredded bark.
They require an exposure in sunny places, trying to avoid those that are too windy that could damage the very fragile stems.
The plant also fears excessive heat that could damage the corollas causing them to dry out.
Water must be watered regularly, at least every 2-3 days, taking care to wait for the soil to dry between one irrigation and the next, to avoid damaging water stagnation.
Fertilization must be done twice a month, preferably using liquid fertilizers.