Over the centuries much has changed in this field: the methods and the tools have changed, the crops have changed but always, with more or less effort on the part of the farmer, the mother earth has repaid the sweat with the abundance of its fruits .
The farmer has always been considered the last step on the social ladder and his work is not very profitable and hard-working. But who can know the sensation experienced by men and women who work the land the day when, after days of hard work and waiting, the first sprout appears! Punctual every year nature performs magic ...!
Seed has become a vital plant that pierces the earth in search of the sun and produces the bud, then the flower, then the fruit. Only those who have wet the earth with his sweat can experience that joy! It is perhaps for this reason that in recent decades the judgment on this type of work has changed a lot, in fact many people, sometimes couples, decide to leave the city to settle in the countryside and often with the aim of cultivating the land and producing for themselves healthy and organic foods operating a real lifestyle choice, not rarely with a good dose of courage.
Someone hires a farmer but there are also those who want to learn how to cultivate the land to experience that subtle and joyful feeling of seeing their commitment bear fruit.
Of course one cannot even remotely compare the work of a former citizen with that of the expert peasant who has practiced agriculture all his life and knows all the methods and secrets but, with a bit of good will, learning can be done. to success.
Ingredients: a lot of humility, curiosity, desire to get involved and lots and lots of enthusiasm.
Humility is fundamental: even if you have studied a lot and received titles and awards, to learn how to cultivate plants you must necessarily ask the farmer to teach us his work, always remembering that in this field he is a master and we of the perfect ignorant . Curiosity can help us to progress faster along our "study" path, in fact it will lead us to read up to better understand the mechanisms of growth and all its phases, we can take real giant steps as the farmer of usually only relies on his experience, at most on that of his parents or of those who taught them, who instead is accustomed to questioning the sciences, can take advantage of this synergy.
As for the desire to get involved and enthusiasm, these go hand in hand and as soon as they begin to see the first fruits they will grow exponentially.
Those who want to devote themselves to the cultivation of plants must however know from the start that, despite being a highly rewarding activity, it is quite complex.
How to proceed
First of all we need to distinguish between garden work and gardening
The latter requires a more contained physical effort, in fact it is mostly practiced by women who also show a more marked propensity for flowers and garden decoration; hoeing, weeding, using agricultural tools requires a considerable physical strength that man not only possesses but can exercise by taking care of the vegetable garden in the open air with great benefit to health.
Obviously we cannot cultivate all the vegetables we would like, but only certain qualities that are so obligatory, depending on the climate, the latitude, the type of soil we have and the type of exposure to the sun. There are of course some products, such as salad, which can be grown from north to south simply by varying the time of sowing and harvesting.
The first operation to do to have a nice vegetable garden is to take care of the soil, then remove the stones and weeds with the help of a hoe and a rake and then having the foresight to burn all the grass that is eliminated. Once this is done, it is advisable to water the soil for a week or more because in this time other weeds will rise out of the ground and we will remove and burn and obtain a more accurate cleaning of the soil. It is necessary then to give a little fertilizer to guarantee a better harvest: it goes without saying that the manure, that is what remains in the stables or from the breeding of rabbits or sheep, is the best that can be had because perfectly in line with the rhythms of nature . At this point the most beautiful moment comes: we have done a lot of work and finally we can plant our seedlings and the best thing is to buy them at the Agricultural Consortium where they are guaranteed and then we just have to decide how to divide the available space.
With the hoe you make beautiful furrows, possibly straight, and then, with the help of a plant that can also be a pointed stick, after having wet the furrow you make a nice hole in the ground where the seedling is planted with his earthen bread. This operation should be done in the evening especially in summer when the strong sun can damage the small plant. To finish a little water.
During the growing period, the seedlings must be monitored, any weeds that may reappear are removed, they are topped up and watered regularly, spying from day to day on the progress of our seedlings ... to our enormous satisfaction.
It will be very useful to inquire about the diseases that crops could face trying to use as little health as possible harmful medicines.
If there is space in our land, it is also advisable to plant fruit trees that will give us tasty seasonal fruit with little effort. In addition to the watering that varies according to the climatic conditions, the treatments required are fertilization (always preferable to manure) and pruning. The latter can be defined as a real art and, if you do not feel like learning it, you can turn to a pruner and make sure you have a good production and a healthy tree. Also for fruit trees there is the risk of plant diseases so they should be lovingly supervised.
Growing plants: Cultivating the garden
For those who want to deal only with ornamental plants, they have a wide choice: from flower care to lawn care, to succulent plants, aromatic plants, aquatic plants, climbing plants. The choice will vary according to personal tastes but also based on the size of the garden and its conformation.
However, ornamental plants also need hoeing, earthing up, and periodically dried flowers and leaves must be removed, and pruning must be done when time is up and any plant diseases must be addressed.
Even those who do not have land available can enjoy the gardening hobby; just a balcony or for the lucky ones a terrace, to grow flowers and plants of all kinds. If you also want apartment plants, they can give great satisfaction as well as elegantly furnish the rooms, certainly provided they are bright. And finally why not get interested in bonsai? An ancient art that requires commitment, patience and application with which you can create real miniature masterpieces.